Eco Trail Perú > Blog > Discover Vinicunca – The rainbow Mountain Peru

Discover Vinicunca – The rainbow Mountain Peru

Have you ever imagined seeing a rainbow mountain in the middle of the Andean platform? Nature was very kind in giving the region of Cusco the most beautiful landscapes in the world, including the popular Vinicunca. This incredible mountain is also known as “seven colors” or  “Rainbow Mountain”.

The imposing Vinicunca mountain presents this hue due to the erosion of sedimentary stones. The same ones that are formed without some intervention of man, being compared with a terrestrial rainbow. Located within the Vilcanota mountain range, Vinicunca is located between 4,710 and 5,200 m.a.s.l. so yeah, it is a relative hard walk but that in the end did not finish surprising you.

Where is Vinicunca located?

The 7 Colors Mountain of Vinicunca is located in the Vilcanota mountain range, near the snowy Ausangate, between the districts of Cusipata and Pitumarca, provinces of Quispicanchi and Canchis, Cusco region, south of Peru.

Its exact location is between the following coordinates:

  • Latitude S 13 ° 52’8.518 »
  • Longitude W 71 ° 18’12.765 »

How to get to the mountain of 7 colors?

Rainbow Mountain (Vinicunca) is located in the province of Quispicanchis in Cusco. You can get there by boarding a vehicle from Cusco to Pitumarca. The trip takes about 3 hours and goes along the road that leads from Cusco to Puno.

Once in Pitumarca you must go to the town of Ocefina (Chillca), from this place you can start your trek to the Mountain of 7 Colors. After 4 hours, you will reach the town of Machuraccay, from here you can descend to the slopes of the mountain.

What about the colors?

Let’s talk about the coloring of the 7-color hill. According to the studies of the Deconcentrated Directorate of Culture of Cusco, is due to the following mineralogical composition:

  • The pink color is the red clay, fangolites (mud) and arilites (sand).
  • The white color is by quartz sandstone and marls, rich in calcium carbonate.
  • Red is composed of clays (iron) belonging to the upper tertiary.
  • The green is due to the compound of phyllites and clays rich in magnesium ferro.
  • The earthy brown is a product of fanglomerate composed of rock with magnesium belonging to the Quaternary era.
  • And the mustard yellow color is due to the presence of calcareous sandstones rich in sulphured minerals.

Flora and fauna of the Mountain of Colors

Despite the arid landscape that can be seen in most photographs where only some South American camelids stand out. The beautiful mountain Vinicunca hosts various species of plants and animals. Among these we mention:

  • Flora: ichu and some lichens.
  • Fauna: alpacas, llamas, vicunas, condors, kestrels, Andean guinea pig, gray deer and others.

Best time to go to the Mountain of 7 Colors:

Your visit to the hill of seven colors does not have to become an Odyssey. Otherwise, your visit to this natural wonder should be one of the best experiences of your life. Therefore, we recommend choosing the months of the dry season (May to November) that are characterized by frigid nights, sunny days and clear skies.

And for your safety, we do not recommend the rainy season months (December – March). Well, it is these months, you are more likely to encounter cloudy skies, rainy days, even storms and showers.

In some years, even in the dry season, snow falls on Vinicunca. Therefore, to avoid any setback. Before traveling, do not forget to make a weather consultation about how the weather will be in Vinicunca.

What to see and do in the mountain of colors?

In the mountain of colors you can:

  • Appreciate the capricious natural colors of theRainbow Mountain that resemble the colors of the rainbow.
  • Observe the incredible natural landscapes that surround the hill of colors, such as the snowy peaks of the Ausangate snowy mountain.
  • Take walks around Vinicunca to other nearby natural attractions such as the Red Valley.
  • Participate in cultural interaction activities with the residents of the area, who are dedicated to the grazing of South American camelids.
  • Enjoy an excellent and incredible day, breathing fresh air, walking at more than 5000 meters above sea level, connecting with Mother Nature and reflecting on the fragile natural balance.


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